Frameworks for Agile Methodology
Agile methodology implies an iterated and cumulative method of management. It is helping teams in maintaining a focus on the rapid delivery of business value. The most popular framework used Agile methodologies for Project Management: Scrum, Extreme Programming (XP) and Kanban.
Scrum: Scrum is the most widely used Agile methodology. Its popularity is due to its lightweight process framework. The Scrum framework uses development cycles called Sprints and keeps overheads as light as possible by maximizing the amount of time available for producing useful work. It helps us to manage every single project and break each complex initiative into feasible small tasks divided between each of the team’s member. Unlike the traditional ‘waterfall’ processes that follow a set systematic approach, scrum enables organizations to adjust and meet ever-evolving business goals.
Extreme Programming(XP): It is related to Test-Driven Development and is a framework, which is set to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements. This methodology is built around the whole team and values simplicity, communication, feedback, courage, and respect. The code created is constantly being tested and improved to meet current business needs. The drawback to XP is that its requirements are expressed as tests, which leaves little room for scalability.
Kanban: On the other hand, there is a bit less structured in the comparison of other frameworks, there is another development framework called Kanban. It focuses on continuous improvements, thereby reducing the cycle time. The most beneficial thing about this framework is that one can easily apply its principles to an already existing process. When the developers complete a task they just take up the next card and start working on it. The product owner has the rights to add, remove or shuffle up the items in the backlog at any point in time. It places much value in the flow of production and it allows for specific deadlines and is well suited to IT projects outside of software development.
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