As a Business Analyst, conducting a GAP analysis is an important activity to understand the current state of a business process or system and identify the areas where improvements are needed. Here are the steps and considerations for conducting a GAP analysis:
- Identify the goals: The first step is to identify the goals of the project or business process. This will provide a clear picture of what the business is trying to achieve and the desired outcomes.
- Define the current state: The next step is to define the current state of the business process or system. This involves gathering information on how things are currently being done, the resources being used, and the outcomes being achieved.
- Define the future state: Based on the goals and the current state, the next step is to define the future state of the business process or system. This involves identifying the changes that need to be made to achieve the desired outcomes.
- Identify the gaps: After defining the current and future states, the next step is to identify the gaps between them. This involves identifying the areas where the current state falls short of the desired future state.
- Develop an action plan: Once the gaps have been identified, the next step is to develop an action plan to bridge the gaps. This involves identifying the specific actions that need to be taken to address the gaps, the resources required, and the timeline for implementation.
When to conduct GAP analysis:
GAP analysis can be conducted in various situations such as when there is a change in business process, or technology or when there is a change in external factors such as regulatory compliance or customer requirements. Some other situations where GAP analysis can be conducted are:
- When there is a need to improve operational efficiency
- When there is a need to reduce costs
- When there is a need to improve customer satisfaction
- When there is a need to improve the quality of products or services
- When there is a need to implement new technology or systems
In general, GAP analysis can be conducted at any time there is a need to improve or change a business process or system to achieve desired outcomes.